When medical conditions affect the musculoskeletal system, it can be difficult to live a normal life. Orthopedic treatments and surgeries can help alleviate, if not eliminate, many common medical issues related to the bones and joints. Westfield orthopedics can treat everything from arthritis to sports injuries.
A qualified orthopedic doctor should diagnose and treat musculoskeletal conditions. The doctor will take a detailed medical history and complete an in-depth physical exam in the examination room. The doctor may also order imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRI scans, to assess the extent of the injury or condition.
This specialist can advise on many treatments, depending on the diagnosis. You need to understand that no single treatment regimen works for all medical issues.
Types of orthopedic surgery
These are some of the surgeries you should know:
- Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which the doctor inserts a thin tube with a tiny camera, called an arthroscope, into the joint.
- Joint replacement surgery: Joint replacement surgery replaces worn or damaged joints with artificial ones.
- Osteotomy: In this procedure, the surgeon reshapes or realigns the bones to relieve pressure on the joint and reduce pain.
- Spinal fusion: This procedure fuses two or more vertebrae, making a single unit out of multiple parts. It is also done to stabilize the spine and eliminate back pain caused by a damaged disc.
Many common medical conditions can benefit from orthopedic treatment. Examples of these include:
This condition involves inflammation of the joints and can cause pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion. Orthopedic treatment for arthritis may include medications to reduce pain and swelling, exercises to improve muscle strength and joint flexibility, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgical intervention.
This condition involves the weakening of bones due to decreased bone density. Symptoms include pain, muscle weakness, and an increased risk of fractures. Treatment options may include medications to slow or stop bone loss, lifestyle changes such as exercise to improve bone strength, and in some cases, surgical procedures.
Various conditions, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, sciatica, and degenerative disc disease, can cause back pain. Treatment options include medications to reduce pain and swelling and physical therapy to improve core strength and mobility. Surgery may also be recommended in severe cases.
Sports injuries often involve damaged or strained muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Treatment options may include rest, immobilization of the affected area with a brace or wrap, physical therapy to improve strength and range of motion, medications to reduce pain and swelling, and in some cases, surgery.
Fractures can occur due to trauma or a weakening of the bone caused by conditions such as osteoporosis. Treatment options may include immobilization of the affected area with a cast, traction, or splint; medications to reduce pain and swelling; and, in some cases, surgery.
Joint dislocations occur when two bones that make up the joint are forced out of alignment. Treatment options may include manual dislocation reduction, immobilization with a splint or brace, and surgery in some cases.
If you are experiencing pain or discomfort due to a musculoskeletal condition, don’t hesitate to seek treatment from your orthopedic specialist at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine.