Polyps are benign growths (neoplasms or noncancerous tumors) of the intestinal lining. They can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, but the colon is the most common location. They range in diameter from less than one-fourth of an inch to several inches. They resemble protruding bumps developing from the bowel’s inner lining. They occasionally grow on a “stalk” and resemble mushrooms.
Certain polyps may be spherical. People can have multiple polyps dispersed throughout the colon. The overwhelming majority of polyps do not contain cancer, but a small percentage of polyps do. Cancer is more likely to develop in larger polyps than in tiny ones. See a doctor for the treatment of polyps Mineola.
How Frequent Are Colorectal Polyps? What Is Their Cause?
Colon precancerous lesions are uncommon in 20-year-olds, but more than 40 percent of individuals over the age of 50 have them. Smoking, obesity, diabetes, and insufficient exercise are risk factors for polyps, but many individuals with precancerous polyps in the colon have none of these risk factors. There are also genetic risk factors for the development of polyps.
How Are Polyps Identified?
Most polyps are asymptomatic. Larger ones may result in bloody stools, but even they are typically asymptomatic. Consequently, the most effective method for detecting polyps is monitoring individuals with no symptoms. Other screening methods include examining stool samples for traces of blood, executing sigmoidoscopy to examine the lower third of the colon, or utilizing a radiology test like a CT colonography or barium enema. If one of these tests detects polyps or suggests their presence, your doctor will typically recommend a colonoscopy to remove them. Since colonoscopy is the most accurate method for detecting polyps, many experts now recommend it as a screening method so that any polyps detected or suspected can be removed during the same procedure.
How Are Polyps Eliminated?
During the colonoscopy procedure, nearly all precancerous polyps can be thoroughly removed. Numerous removal techniques are available, with the majority involving using a wire loop or biopsy instruments, sometimes in conjunction with an electric current. This is known as a polyp excision or polypectomy. Due to the insensitivity of the intestinal lining to cutting and heating, polyp resection does not cause discomfort.
What Are the Dangers of Polyp Extraction?
Polyp excision (or polypectomy) is a routine outpatient procedure during a colonoscopy. Bleeding at the site of the polypectomy and perforation (hole or tear) of the colon are uncommon but possible complications of polypectomy.