A bond is a loan that you make to a company or government. In return, they promise to pay you back the money plus interest over a set period of time. Bonds are often issued by governments and corporations in order to raise money for various projects. A bond is a type of loan that is typically used for short-term or long-term financing. It’s an important topic on the Securities Industry Essentials Exam.
There are two main types of bonds: short-term and long-term. Short-term bonds mature in one to three years, while long-term bonds have maturities of more than three years.
Bonds are issued in terms of maturities, which can range from a few months to 30 years. The longer the maturity, the higher the risk to the bondholder–but also the higher the potential return. When you buy a bond, you are investing in debt and become a creditor of the issuer.
The rate of interest you will earn is determined at the time of issuance and remains fixed until maturity. The issuer promises to pay you periodic interest payments, usually every six months, until the bond matures.
The payment of interest is known as the coupon rate. It is determined by the issuer at the time of issuance and remains fixed until maturity. The principal, or face value, is the amount you invested in the bond and is also the amount you will receive back from the issuer on the maturity date.
When a bond matures, you will receive the full principal amount of your investment plus any interest that has accrued. Bonds are issued with a face value, usually $1,000 or $5,000, and are traded in increments of $1,000. The price of a bond is determined by the market and may be more or less than its face value. A bond’s interest payments are exempt from federal taxes, and in some cases, state and local taxes as well. This makes bonds an attractive investment for those in high tax brackets.
Bonds are a safe investment, but they do come with some risk. The biggest risk is that the issuer will default on the loan, which means you won’t get your money back. However, if you’re looking for a safe investment with a guaranteed return, bonds may be the right choice for you. Investors who purchase bonds essentially lend money to the issuing entity. In return, the issuer agrees to pay interest on the loan and to repay the principal amount of the loan at a later date.
Bonds can be an important part of an investment portfolio, as they can provide stability and income. However, it is important to remember that bonds are subject to interest rate risk, which means that their value can go down if interest rates rise.